Students will figure out key questions that was in the mind of the author when s/he wrote the article. What was the key question that the article addressed.
Students will identify the most important conclusions that the author comes to and presented in the article.
History is the effort to reconstruct the past to discover what people thought, what they did, and how their beliefs and actions continue to influence human life. In order to appreciate the past fully, we must put it into perspective so that we can understand the factors that have helped to shape us as individuals, the society in which we live, and the nature of other peoples' societies.
The Nature of History (based off the reading in class)
In the face of the evidence, historians must determine what is accurate and what is false or biased. They do so by taking the earliest information first. They compare various versions of particular events or large trends with one another. Some people who have left us with evidence of the past were more intelligent or better informed than others. Therefore, their testimony is preferred and indeed strengthened by other writers who independently reported the same things. When two or more, dependable sources record the same thing in the same way, historians conclude that they present an accurate account of events.
Process of History and the Question of Truth
To complicate matters, for many epochs of history only the broad outlines are known, so interpretation is especially difficult. Still another matter complicates an accurate understanding of the past. The attempt to understand history is uniquely human. interpretations of the past sometimes change because people's points of view change in the course of life. The values and attitudes of one generation may not be shared by another. Despite such differences in interpretation, the efforts of historians to examine and understand the past can give them a perspective that is valuable to the present. It is through this process of analysis and interpretation of evidence that historians come to understand not only the past but its relation to life today!